A team will not be complete without a leader who directs and moves the members within it. Choosing a leader for the team is sometimes a difficult and thoughtful decision.
That’s because the influence of the leader on the movement of a team and its success is very significant. To understand more deeply about leaders and what their responsibilities and characteristics are, see the full explanation below.
Who is the leader?
According to the Modern Sociology Dictionary, a leader is someone who has a dominant and influential role or position in a group. It can be concluded that a leader is someone who can lead and influence the members and people around him in order to achieve common goals.
The role of leader is not limited to leading the group. A leader must be motivated and motivate the people around him. In addition, leaders must also have a positive impact on people and the surrounding environment.
A leader is someone who can see opportunities to develop and encourage people to move forward in a better direction. Leaders don’t have to come from the same background. Future leaders should be more diverse so they can have different points of view on things. The most important thing is that a leader must have the same vision and mission as his team so that the planned goals are achieved.
Duties and responsibilities of leader
A leader in a team or company is certainly not separated from the duties and responsibilities assigned to him. The following are some of the duties and responsibilities of a leader that need to be known.
1. Planning and organizing
To achieve company goals, it is necessary to plan and prepare the right steps. Both of these are included in the duties and responsibilities of a leader in a team or company. A leader must ensure that the plans he makes can be used to achieve company goals and can be followed by all members.
In terms of coaching, leaders are expected to provide training to their members. Coaching or training is carried out regularly for the development of its members, both for new members and those who have been members of the team for a long time.
3. Decision making
As explained earlier, in the leadership attitude, the leader must be able to make the right decisions based on certain considerations. Because there must always be the intervention of the team leader in every operational activity carried out to achieve goals.
4. Performance monitoring
In this case, the leader must always monitor or supervise the performance of his members in the process of realizing the plans that have been prepared. The leader must monitor how the plans that have been prepared are running, whether there are any obstacles in them, and so on.
Good coordination will have a significant impact on the performance of members and the smooth implementation of plans. This coordination involves teamwork and communication as well as adjustments to the company’s vision, mission, and goals.
The next responsibility is that the leader is responsible in terms of motivating his members to increase productivity. Providing motivation is also the same as encouraging members to be more enthusiastic about their work and work better.
The development points of this development can be done with coaching described in the previous point. The team leader is responsible for the development of its members, especially in terms of skills and knowledge. Development is very important so that there are always innovations and new ideas, especially in planning to achieve common goals.
One of the duties and responsibilities of a leader is to document the process and results of implementing the plans that have been prepared. So that it can be used as material for performance evaluation in the future.
9. Performance Evaluation
The next leader’s responsibility is performance evaluation. Evaluation is needed to see whether the plans that have been prepared and carried out are successful or not. In addition, evaluation is also useful as a lesson for future planning. In performance evaluation, a leader acts as an assessor as well as a holder of responsibility for the success or failure of a plan.
Characteristics of a leader
The following are some of the basic characteristics that a leader needs to have.
1. Having a firm stance
Being a leader means having a firm stand, which is not easily influenced by others. Leaders who are determined will be able to bring their team to success according to the vision and goals that have been agreed upon.
In addition, leaders must be committed to the decisions and actions they take.
Honesty is very important in leadership. A good leader must always be honest in his actions and words. Being honest also means being open to both members and superiors about matters relating to the process of achieving goals.
A fair attitude is needed in terms of leadership, especially in treating members of the team without discrimination. Because, if the leader is unfair, there will be social jealousy which causes the process of achieving common goals to be hampered.
A just leader will also be more valued and respected by his members. Therefore, every leader must be able to be fair even to the division of tasks by considering the abilities and interests of his members.
Being a leader means that you must also have extensive knowledge to support the success of achieving goals. Intelligence is needed in making decisions, analyzing situations and conditions, and executing actions to solve problems within the company.
In addition to leading the team, the leader must also provide guidance and share the knowledge he has with his team members. So that team members can gain and learn new things to develop their potential.
5. Able to be calm in any situation
In the business world, every leader will experience a period where they experience failure when building a business. A calm attitude is needed by a leader, especially when in that situation.
A calm attitude can help a person to think more clearly in finding solutions to failures or losses he has experienced.
6. Good communication
A leader must have good communication skills to build relationships with members and people around him, including clients. Good and clear communication will help team members understand the information or directions conveyed. So that the goals that have been planned can run smoothly and are easier to achieve.
As a leader, you must have an attitude of responsibility, especially in carrying out tasks and making decisions. That’s because the burden received by the leader must be greater than the members. In addition to their duties, leaders are also responsible for the interests of the company and the interests of its members.
Leaders must always be ready to accept risks and all things that may happen to the team and the company, especially regarding the plans that have been drawn up to achieve common goals.
Leaders who can inspire their members will also affect the smoothness and development of the company. By being an inspiration to members, the leader has indirectly motivated his members to become better and work better.
Confidence is also related to confidence in leadership attitudes. In making decisions, a leader must feel confident that what he is doing is the right thing.
In addition, confidence is also needed to support the quality of the leader himself. If a leader is unsure of himself or his decisions, how will members trust and follow him?
Having a sense of empathy means that the leader cares about his members, including in terms of welfare. A leader must have a high sensitivity to what is happening in his work environment. Trying to understand and position yourself as someone else is one example.